Nepal has a recorded history since the Neolithic age. The name "Nepal" is first recorded in texts from the Vedic Age, the era which founded Hinduism, the predominant religion of the country. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest mountain, rising 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above sea level on Earth. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.
The Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley’s traders. The cosmopolitan region developed distinct traditional art and architecture. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal. The Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal.
Nepal is the largest centre of Hinduism in the whole world and the Pashupatinath Temple, is the world's largest temple of Shiva, in Kathmandu which is attracts many pilgrims and tourists. Other Hindu pilgrimage sites include the temple complex in Swargadwari, Janaki Mandir in Janakpur Dham in Mithila region; Lake Gosain Kund near Dhunche; the temples at Devghat; Manakamana temple, Pathibhara, and Mahamrityunjaya Shivasan Nepal where the biggest metallic idol of Lord Shiva is located.
Dang valley is a sacred place for Hindus as well as other religions. Kalika and Malika Devi in Chhillikot hill, Ambekeshawori temple, Krishna temple, Dharapani temple are among the sacred places in Dang district. Chillikot hill is also a good place for sightseeing and also an ancient palace of a king. Muktinath is a sacred place for Hindus as well as Buddhists. The site is located in Muktinath Valley, Mustang district. Nepal also known for Buddhism. The World Heritage site at Lumbini, which is traditionally considered to be the birthplace of Gautama Buddha, is an important pilgrimage site. Another prominent Buddhist site is Swayambhunath, the Monkey Temple, in Kathmandu.